Infinite Series Parallel and Cubic Puzzle Resistor |

Resistance is the property of material to resist the flow of charge or electric current. It also provide voltage drop in a circuit. I made this article with ECE board examiners in mind and when reviewing on technical Job interview for a tricky and puzzle resistors/resistance questions.

Resistor is a 2 terminal passive electrical component used to limit or exhibits resistance to the flow of electric current. Also, it has series inductance and small parallel capacitance.

How to Read Surface Mounted (SMD) Resistors?

Surface Mounted Resistor |

To read 3 digit code SMD resistor with values 152 and 272, the first 2 digits are significant values and the third is the is the power of ten. Here are 2 examples.

152 = 15 x 10

^{2}ohms= 1.5 kilohms

272 = 27 x 10

^{2}ohms = 2.7 kilohms

For precision resistors, the first 3 digits are significant values and the 4th one is the power of ten.

Example:

1001 = 100 x 10

^{1}ohms = 1 kilohm

4992 = 499 x 10

^{2}ohms = 49.9 kilohms

How to Memorize Color Coded Resistors using Your Hands?

Cell phone Charger Circuit |

To easily memorize Color code resistors and tolerance, just memorize this phrase, "

**ad**

__B__**oy**

__B__**ape**

__R__**ur**

__O__**oung**

__Y__**irl**

__G__**ut**

__B__**ioleta**

__V__**ive**

__G__**illingly" on your two hands. The first letter of this phrase resembles the first letter of the resistor color code. When you are taking ECE board exam or for long term memory, this technique is effective and very helpful.**

__W__Use your two Hands to Easily Memorize Color Coded Resistor |

__B__lack - 0

__B__rown - 1

__R__ed - 2

__O__range - 3

__Y__ellow - 4

__G__reen - 5

__B__lue - 6

__V__iolet - 7

__G__ray - 8

__W__hite - 9

Example of Color Code Resistor question:

**Q:**What is the value of a resistor with colors from left, Orange, Blue, Gold and Silver?

How to Solve Series Parallel Puzzle Resistors?

There are many kinds of puzzle resistors ranging from simple series parallel, cubic and infinite puzzle resistors. Solving this kind of problem is very challenging and sometimes given during technical Job interview.

Knowledge of Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Current and Voltage Law and Wye-Delta Transformation is really helpful to find the solution of this kind of problem.

**A. Simple Series and Parallel Puzzle Resistor**

Simple Series Parallel Puzzle Resistor |

This is simple series parallel resistor puzzle. You can solve it by taking it's equivalent circuit and solving for the total resistance.

Another way is using Kirchhoff's Current and Voltage Law (KCL and KVL). The total resistance is equal to 1.333 ohms.

**B. Infinite Series Parallel Puzzle Resistor**

How to Solve for Infinite Series Parallel Puzzle Resistor |

The circuit can be solved by letting R for the infinite circuit of 1 ohm resistors. The total resistance is equal to 2.732050808 ohms.

If you solve a finite circuit of this kind, you will you will arrived at R = 2.7321 which is very close up to 3 decimal points.

**C. Cubic Puzzle Resistor**

Equivalent Series and Parallel Connection of Cubic Puzzle Resistors |

There are 3 ways to solve this cubic puzzle resistor

1. Find the equivalent circuit

2. Using Kirchhoff's Current and Voltage Law (KCL and KVL)

3. Wye-Delta Transformation

From the above figure, R = A//B//C + G//H//I//J//K//L + D//E//F so, the total resistance of 1 ohm cubic puzzle resistor is equal to 5/6 ohms.

Sources:

Wikipedia Resistor

How to Solve Cube Resistance Problem

Related Articles:

+ 5 Reasons Why PRC ECE Examiners Failed the Board Exam

+ ECE/Electronics Board Exam Sample Questions - Review and Analysis

+ ECE Board Exam Review Guide - ELECTRONICS Study Tips and Techniques

+ PRC Approved Calculators for ECE - Casio FX-991ES Specs and Review

+ How to PASS ECE/Electronics Engineer Board Exam in 40 Days

+ How to PASS the ECE Board Exam using SQ3R Study Method

## No comments:

## Post a Comment